Weeks 1-2: The authoritarian personality. Traditional psychohistorical approaches: authoritarianism child-rearing, reaction formation; conformity and obedience; the Frankfurt School theorists and the impact of fascism on the development of political psychology. The dynamics of authoritarianism and the F-scale.
Weeks 3-4: Susceptibility to authoritarianism. Psycho-social view; re-conditioning and persuasion; latent states of war; conformity and obedience. Processes of authoritarian reeducation: organized disempowerment and organized disconnection; dissipation of attention, mental discontinuity, and discouragement of memory.
Weeks 5-6: Charisma and conversion. Projection of the sacred; conversion, apparent converts, apparent resisters. Double-edged leadership; charisma, authority, and authenticity.
Weeks 6-7: Nationalism and the moral psychology of the community. Identification and internalization. Communal loyalty and popular sovereignty. Personality and political leadership. Coercion and group identity.
Weeks 8-9: Psychology of personal responsibility. Internal autonomy/external heteronomy; anti-authoritarian tendencies. Negative freedom and positive freedom; the altruistic personality; bystander effect/bystander apathy. The Stanford University “prison experiment.”
Weeks 10-11: Diffusion of responsibility. Hierarchy-enhancing and hierarchy-attenuating environments. Mob versus mass. Social dominance and legitimizing ideologies. Bureaucratic structures in the psychology of totalitarianism. The Milgram experiment.
Weeks 12-13: Two communities under siege: conformity and resistance. Psychological survival strategies in two demographically distinct ghettoes under Nazi control; psychosocial preconditions for creativity under duress and its relationship to anti-authoritarianism; privilege and protection as factors in group conformity; strategic arbitrariness and the “save-what-you-can game.” Variations of the “Stockholm Syndrome” in the administration of self-destruction.
Weeks 1-2: Introduction to attachment theory. Attachment styles; the “strange situation”; core identity and self-boundary formation; merger and individuation; separation anxiety and rapprochement. Reparation and object restoration. Behavioral styles and attachment modes.
Weeks 3-4: The “good enough” mother. The holding environment; relatedness and affective ties; nature vs. nurture; behaviorism and learning theory; introjects, ambivalence and splitting; object permanency; psycho-social developmental stages.
Weeks 5-6: Freudian and Jungian theories of human love. Drive theory and the role of eros; psychosexual staging and development; anima/animus and Jungian archetypes. Other theorists: transference love; clinical distinctions between love and lust.
Weeks 6-7: A self-psychological view of attachment. Kohut’s selfobject and the inventory of selfobject needs; mirroring, idealization, and twinship; narcissistic development and “love made hungry”; deviation and deficit models of attachment.
Weeks 8-9: The domain of core-relatedness. The subjective self; intersubjective relatedness; verbal relatedness and emergent relatedness; affective bonding, mother-infant intersubjectivity and dyads; deficiency models and maternal depression.
Weeks 10-11: Hierarchies of needs. Capacities for love, self-love and self-actualization. Humanistic models of love. “Being” love versus “deficiency” love; self-actualization as a basis for love; self-love versus narcissism. Neural basis of pair bonding in mammals; neurochemistry and biology of romantic love.
Weeks 12-13: Overview of adult attachment theory. Characteristics of mature love. Empathic attunement, rupture and repair; adult change processes; communication and the therapeutic process; restoration of the capacity to love.